Introduction to Psalm 59
To the chief Musician, Altaschith, Michtam of David; when Saul sent,
and they watched the house to kill him. The history of Saul's sending messengers to watch the house of David, and to kill him when he rose in the morning, is in 1 Samuel 19:11; which was the occasion of his writing this psalm; though the title of the Syriac version of it is,
"David said or composed this, when he heard that the priests were slain by Saul:''
and in the same is added,
"but unto us it declares the conversion of the Gentiles to the faith, and the rejection of the Jews.''
And which perhaps is designed in Psalms 59:5; and some interpreters are of opinion that the whole psalm is to be understood of Christ, of whom David was a type, especially in his sufferings; and there are some things in it which better agree with him than with David, as particularly his being without sin, Psalms 59:3.