Galatians 1:21

Afterwards I came into the regions of Syria and Cilicia;

Afterwards I came into the regions of Syria and Cilicia. For having disputed against the Grecians at Jerusalem, and being too hard for them, it so irritated them, that they were going to murder him; which being known to the brethren there, they got him out of the way, and had him down to Caesarea, and so to Tarsus, a city in Cilicia; where he was born; in which places and in the countries about he preached the Gospel of Christ; to Tarsus, Barnabas went for him seeking him, and finding him brought him to Antioch in Syria; and both in Syria and Cilicia he preached, no doubt with success, since we read of believing Gentiles and churches in those parts he afterwards visited; being sent along with others, with the letter and decrees of the synod at Jerusalem to them, and whom he confirmed; See Gill on "Acts 15:23",

See Gill on "Acts 15:41": in the Greek text these countries are called "climates"; a climate in geography is said {y} to be a part of the surface of the earth, bounded by two circles parallel to the equator, and of such a breadth as that the longest day in the parallel nearer the pole, exceeds the longest day in that next the equator, by some certain space, viz. half an hour--. The beginning of the climate is the parallel circle wherein the day is the shortest, the end of the climate is that wherein the day is the longest;--each climate only differs from its contiguous ones, in that the longest day in summer is longer or shorter by half an hour in the one place than in the other:--vulgarly the term climate is bestowed on any country or region differing from another, either in respect of the seasons, the quality of the soil, or even the manners of the inhabitants, without any regard to the length of the longest day; in which sense it seems to be used here, as also in Romans 15:23. Of the country of Syria, See Gill on "Matthew 4:24". Cilicia is a country of Asia Minor, now called Caramania; it had its name of Cilicia, as Herodotus says {z}, from Cilix, the son of Agenor, a Phoenician: though Bochart {a} derives it from Challekim or Challukim, which signifies stones, it being a stony country; and so Herodotus {b} calls it "mountainous" Cilicia; it is said to have Pamphilia on the west, the tops of Mount Taurus on the north, Mount Amanus on the east, and the Cilician sea on the south; Jerom says {c}, Cilicia is a province of Asia, which the river Cydnus cuts in the middle, and Mount Amanus, of which Solomon makes mention, separates it from Syria-Coele.

{y} Chambers's Cyclopaedia in the word "Climate".
{z} L. 7. Polymnia, c. 91. Solinus, c. 51.
{a} Canaan, p. 376.
{b} L. 2. Euterpe, c. 34.
{c} De locis Hebraicis, fol. 95. M.