Hosea 1:9

Then said God, Call his name Loammi: for ye are not my people, and I will not be your God.

Then said God, call his name Loammi,.... Which Aben Ezra interprets of the children of the ten tribes horn in captivity, who never returned; but it rather signifies the ten tribes themselves, who were carried captive and had this name given them for the reason following:

for ye are not my people; though he had chosen them to be his people above all people, and had distinguished them from others by various blessings and privileges; yet they did not behave as such to him; they did not serve, obey, and worship him, but the calves at Dan and Bethel; and therefore did not deserve the name of his people: hence he says,

and I will not be your or "yours" {a}; that is, as we supply it, and so Aben Ezra, "your God"; will not behave toward you as such; will not take you under my care and protection, or continue you in your land, and in the enjoyment of the blessings of it; will not be your King, patron, and defender, but give you up into the hands of your enemies. This respects the captivity of the ten tribes by Shalmaneser,

2 Kings 17:6. The Targum is,

"for ye are not my people; because ye do not confirm the words of my law, my word shall not be your help.''

{a} Mkl hyha al "non ero vester", Pagninus; "nec ego sum futurus vester", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator.