Proverbs 11:15

He that is surety for a stranger shall smart for it: and he that hateth suretiship is sure.

He that is surety for a stranger shall smart for it,.... Or in "breaking shall be broken" {q}, ruined and undone; he engaging or becoming a bondsman for one whose circumstances he knew not; and these being bad bring a load upon him, such an heavy debt as crushes him to pieces. Mr. Henry observes that our Lord Jesus Christ became a surety for us when we were strangers, and he smarted for it, he was bruised and wounded for our sins; but then he knew our circumstances, and what the consequence would be, and became a surety on purpose to pay the whole debt and set us free; which he was capable of doing: without being broken or becoming a bankrupt himself; for he was not broken, nor did he fail, Isaiah 42:4. Jarchi's note is,

"the wicked shall be broken, to whose heart idolatry is sweet;''

and he that hateth suretyship is sure; or those "that strike" {r}, that is, with the hand, used in suretyship; see Proverbs 6:1; such an one is safe from coming into trouble by such means. The Targum is,

"and hates those that place their hope in God.''

{q} ewry er "frangendo frangetur", Michaelis; so Pagninus and others.
{r} Myeqwt "complodentes", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Cocceius; "defigentes", Mercerus.