Exodus 1:8

Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph.

Now there arose up a new king over Egypt,.... Stephen calls him another king, Acts 7:18 one of another family, according to Josephus {g}; who was not of the seed royal, as Aben Ezra; and Sir John Marsham {h} thinks this was Salatis, who, according to Manetho {i}, was the first of the Hycsi or pastor kings that ruled in lower Egypt; but these kings seem to have reigned before that time, See Gill on "Genesis 46:34" and Bishop Usher {k} takes this king to be one of the ancient royal family, whose name was Ramesses Miamun; and gives us a succession of the Egyptian kings from the time of Joseph's going into Egypt to this king: the name of that Pharaoh that reigned when Joseph was had into Egypt, and whose dreams he interpreted, was Mephramuthosis; after him reigned Thmosis, Amenophis, and Orus; and in the reign of the last of these Joseph died, and after Orus reigned Acenehres a daughter of his, then Rathotis a brother of Acenchres, after him Acencheres a son of Rathotis, then another Acencheres, after him Armais, then Ramesses, who was succeeded by Ramesses Miamun, here called the new king, because, as the Jews {l} say, new decrees were made in his time; and this Pharaoh, under whom Moses was born, they call Talma {m}, and with Artapanus {n} his name is Palmanothes:

which knew not Joseph; which is not to be understood of ignorance of his person, whom he could not know; nor of the history of him, and of the benefits done by him to the Egyptian nation, though, no doubt, this was among their records, and which, one would think, he could not but know; or rather, he had no regard to the memory of Joseph; and so to his family and kindred, the whole people of Israel: he acknowledged not the favours of Joseph to his nation, ungratefully neglected them, and showed no respect to his posterity, and those in connection with him, on his account; though, if a stranger, it is not to be wondered at.

{g} Antiqu. l. 2. c. 9. sect. 1.
{h} Canon. Chron. Sec. 8. p. 107.
{i} Apud Joseph. Contr. Apion. l. 1. sect. 14.
{k} Annal. Vet. Test. p. 17. 18.
{l} T. Bab. Erubin. fol. 53. 1.
{m} Juchasin, fol. 135. 2.
{n} Apud Euseb. Praepar. Evangel. l. 9. c. 27. p. 431.