Genesis 10:17

And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite,

And the Hivite,.... These dwelt in Hermon, a part of Mount Lebanon from Mount Baal Hermon unto the entering in of Hamath,

Joshua 11:3 to the east of the land of Canaan; hence they were sometimes called Kadmonites, or Easterlings, Genesis 15:19 and are thought to have their name from dwelling in holes and caves like serpents; hence Cadmus the Phoenician, and his wife Hermonia, who seem to have their names from hence, are reported to be turned into serpents, they being Hivites, which this word signifies, as Bochart {i} observes.

and the Arkite; the same with the Aruceans, or Arcaeans, Josephus {k} speaks of in Phoenicia about Sidon, and from whom the city Arce had its name, which he places in Lebanon; and is mentioned by Menander {l} as revolting to the king of Assyria, with Sidon and old Tyre; and which is reckoned by Ptolemy {m} a city of Phoenicia, and placed by him near old Byblus; and hence Bothart {n} thinks Venus had the name of Venus Architis, said by Macrobius {o} to be worshipped by the Assyrians and Phoenicians.

and the Sinite: either the inhabitants of the wilderness of Sin, who dwelt in the northern part of the desert of Arabia, or the Pelusiotae, as Bochart {p} thinks, the inhabitants of Pelusium, which was called Sin, Ezekiel 30:15 the former being its Greek name, the latter its Chaldee or Syriac name, and both signify "clay", it being a clayey place; but Canaan or Phoenicia seems not to have reached so far; Jerom speaks of a city not far from Arca called Sin, where rather these people may be thought to dwell.

{i} Ut supra. (Phaleg. l. 4. c. 36. fol. 304.)
{k} Antiqu. l. 1. c. 6. sect. 2. & l. 5. c. 1. sect. 23.
{l} Apud Joseph. Antiqu. l. 9. c. 14. sect. 2.
{m} Geograph. l. 5. c. 15.
{n} Ut supra. (Phaleg. l. 4. c. 36. fol. 304.)
{o} Saturnal. l. 1. c. 21.
{p} Ut supra. (Phaleg. l. 4. c. 36. fol. 304.)